Sunday, March 17, 2013

Billiary Atresia Complications

Biliary atresia is usually diagnosed during the first two months of life. Common signs are:
  • newborn jaundice that does not improve by four weeks of age especially if it appears after two weeks of age
  • dark urine and pale, clay-coloured stools
  • enlarged liver or swollen abdomen
Since the symptoms of biliary atresia may also be experienced in other diseases, several tests are necessary to make a diagnosis. The following tests are performed: blood, urine and stool samples are analyzed; the liver and bile ducts are examined with ultrasound; a liver scan showing the liver and bile ducts is performed; a liver biopsy is obtained. If the test results suggest biliary atresia, an operation is performed to examine the bile ducts and an x-ray is taken during the operation to determine whether the bile duct is blocked.

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